Gall Bladder Surgery
Cholecystectomy is commonly called as gall bladder surgery and is the procedure of removal of gall bladder.
Conditions that require gall bladder surgery include, severe gall stones, cholecystitis (gallbladder inflammation), and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) secondary to gallstones, gallbladder cancer, and chronic acalculous gallbladder disease.
Cholecystectomy may be performed using open surgical technique or minimally invasive procedure. Minimally invasive procedure is performed using laparoscope which is a pen-like device attached with tiny camera and lens and it enables to view the larger images on video screen. Laparoscopy is much less traumatic to the muscles, ligaments, and tissues than the traditional method of surgically opening the abdomen with long incisions.
The most common complication associated with the cholecystectomy surgery is bile duct injury, causing leakage of bile secretions causing pain and infection. Other complications may include excessive bleeding, damage to organs, abnormal reaction to anesthesia and development of blood clots.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes less pain, enables patients restore to work more quickly, and offers the benefits such as shorter hospital stay and shorter recovery time.
Gall bladder removal does not cause nutritional deficiencies and does not require any special diet after the surgery.